Geography Challenge Ahead
a. Impact of Communication and Internet Technology
Sekiar of 1990 outstanding book megatrend 2000. In the book Naibit and Arburdense (1990) mensinyalair there are ten trends (trend) is going to happen in the 2000s, namely:
1. information society into an industrial society
2. technology into high-tech post
3. the national economy into world economy
4. short-term into long-term
5. centralized to decentralized
6. institutional aid to help themselves
7. representative democracy to participatory democracy
8. hierarchy into the network
9. north to south
10. one of the multiple choice
Based on the forecast it seems that nowadays there is a change from industrial society to information society. Information has become an important part to individuals, communities and countries. Information is part of their daily lives to making a decision.
The existence of today's information society is inseparable from the development komuniasi technology and the Internet. The integration of two technologies that have been folded duplicate information and spread it all over the world in a fast time. Integration of computer technology with communications technology that has been the realization of a large network of inter-citizens without having to be bound by the limits of the country concerned (bordeless).
The technology has been able to prove as a vehicle to cultivate (procesess) data into information quickly. In addition, the technology has also been able to be used as infrastructure for the delivery of data or information in a quick, cheap and practical.
Discipline of geography is one of the areas of science that requires infrastructure to process geographic data into geographic informsi quickly. Informsi geography was the result of processing required by various sectors for regional development, konsrvasi sumburdaya, spatial planning, and so forth.
In studying the object, the discipline of geography using a spatial approach. In this approach the structure, spatial patterns and processes must be learned well and fast.
To study the spatial aspect of such computer technology has provided spatial analysis programs are more practical and easy to operate. With the ease of geographic information that can be more quickly generated to meet the needs of development.
With the Internet technologies of information can easily and quickly sent all over the world. It was not only meaningful for the dissemination of information, but also to provide a new paradigm in environmental management toward sustainability. As today's environmental problems are most serious is to realize sustainability.
With the advent of computers as a component of information technology integration process and a complicated analysis if done manually will be easy, fast and accurate (Sutanto, 2000). Therefore, in 2 (two) recent decades the role of information technology in the applications of geography is rapidly growing and becoming an important requirement for every citizen to manage the territory and resources. Pemanafaatan application of information technology in the development of geography dikenana with geographic information system (GIS). Today GIS has grown rapidly since it is supported by remote sensing technology (remote sensing) and the Global Posistion System (GPS).