Paradigm-Paradigm Development Period Contemporary
At this time began the new developments in the field of quantitative analysis methods and the "model building". The development paradigm of geography at the MSA is also referred to as the period of spatial analysis paradigm (the spatial analysis paradigm). Coffey (1981) argued about the characteristics of the paradigm of contemporary geography, among others, that is the indication that one of the characteristics of contemporary geography rather than specialization is the trend that is feared will move away from the nature of geography itself. This was in line with what each specialization has become so separated or one another so that their intellectual connection faded.
Then also suggested that to overcome the danger that pointed to by the experts about the nature of geography is fading with the approach of the system, especially spatial systems approach. To get to this direction, on its own knowledge base about the system itself should be owned by students of geography. At this time the functional analysis, ecological analysis and system analysis is also well developed in line with innovation rather than the techniques and methods of analysis (Holt-Jensen, 1980).
The idea to return to the nature of geography was repeatedly echoed by experts. This is only natural because it has been pointed out the emergence of deviations that are considered obscure the characteristics of geography itself. During its development, there are two movements is the emergence of the idea of synthesis. Movement was first proposed by Ritter in which the study of Geography is not presumed as a "regional synthesis." All phenomena are considered related to one another and each having a distinctive role in a single device system. For that geografiwan should study the synthesis rather than the symptoms that exist in a region and that expresses what is called a "wholeness". The idea of a systems approach can not be separated from these ideas.
New synthesis concept put forward by Peter Haggett (1975) in his work entitled "Geography: A Modern Synthesis." New synthesis is trying to summarize several previous approaches to this day by giving a more flexible color according to the demands of the times and progress in the field of technology.